The antisymmetry of syntax linguistic inquiry monographs pdf. Theextentof antisymmetry insyntaxhasbeenamajorissueforphrasestructure theorieseversincekaynes1994originalproposalforthelinearcorrespondence. It is standardly assumed that universal grammar ug allows a given hierarchical representation to be associated with more than one linear order. Antisymmetry and japanese english linguistics, syntax has no tools that can be used to analyze linear asymmetries see. The antisymmetry of syntax thingsthatare, roughly, higherinthetreearealwayspronouncedbeforethings that are lower in the tree. This proposal, which is based on the linear correspondence axiom lca, helps derive various properties of xbar syntax that were previously stipulated. Assuming antisymmetry to be related to sequence in time, one can ask to what extent sequence in time is a pf interface property, as opposed to holding more fundamentally of internal thought. Information and translations of antisymmetry in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Antisymmetry and heavy np shift across germanic oxford.
A syntactic reanalysis of double modals in southern. In this paper, based on turkish, a strictly headfinal language, we propose a solution that circumvents these. However, unlike english only, the zulu and xhosa particles. An antisymmetric analysis of turkish relative clauses. Analysis of symmetric symmetric structures structures. Recent research on the syntax of arabic has produced valuable literature on the major syntactic phenomena found in the language. Barrie in pdf or epub format and read it directly on your mobile phone, computer or any device. Rohrbacher, bernard 1994 notes on the antisymmetry of syntax, university of pennsylvania working papers in linguistics. Book reads or downloads the antisymmetry of syntax now 0262111942 books the antisymmetry of syntax free for now. Unifying syntax and morphology and the sswl database. Review of kayne 1994 the antisymmetry of syntax date. Things we expect to see arent there, and now we have to explain why. This innovative analysis of noun incorporation and related linguistic phenomena does more than just give readers an insightful exploration of its subject.
The author reevaluatesand forges links betweentwo influential theories of phrase structure. This guide to arabic syntax provides an overview of the major syntactic constructions in arabic that have featured in recent linguistic debates, and discusses the analyses provided for them in the literature. In linguistics, antisymmetry is a theory of syntactic linearization presented in richard kaynes 1994 monograph the antisymmetry of syntax. According to this theory, phrase structure always completely determines linear order, so that if two phrases differ in linear order, they must also differ in hierarchical structure. The antisymmetry of syntax proposes a restrictive theory of word order and phrase structure that denies this assumption. Sinceaspecifierishigherthanboththeheadandthecomplement, aspecifier is always pronounced before both head and complement. This chapter compares a number of possible approaches to a unified analysis of heavy np shift hnps across germanic, both antisymmetric following kayne 1994 and rightward.
Dynamic antisymmetry and the syntax of noun incorporation. It focuses on both comparative syntax, which uses differences between languages as a new and finegrained tool for illuminating properties of the human language faculty, and antisymmetry, a. Download the ebook dynamic antisymmetry and the syntax of noun incorporation m. Notes on the antisymmetry of syntax by bernard rohrbacher. Insights into english can come from properties of japanese.
An interdisciplinary reader in philosophy, linguistics and psychology. Kaynes approach to the rhr kayne 1994 claims that the antisymmetry approach that he developed for fully. Notes on the antisymmetry of syntax abstract in what proved to be probably the most influential principlesandparameters manuscript of the last year, kayne 1993 has proposed 1 a linear correspondence axiom which together with a particular definition of asymmetric ccommand is supposed to allow only svo and ovs as underlying word orders. Syntax of headfinal relative clauses the case of turkish 1 relative clauses rcs in headfinal languages pose several problems, both theoretical and empirical. Kaynes book is divided into ten chapters, the first five of which house his influential suggestion that the linear order of formatives in a syntactic representation is.
The definition of antisymmetry says nothing about whether ra. Consequences of antisymmetry for the syntax of headed. For one thing, he argues that it provides too many degrees of freedom. The proposal is that sentences with postpositions contain an extra double of p that sentences with prepositions lack.
The macrohistory of chinese syntax and the theory of change. Download dynamic antisymmetry and the syntax of noun. Slater pointed out that if we write manyelectron wavefunctions as slater determinants, the antisymmetry requirement is fulfilled. More formally, r is antisymmetric precisely if for all a and b in x if ra, b with a. Paper presented at the chinese linguistics workshop, university of chicago. The algebra a is called antisymmetric if at is a set of antisymmetry for a 3, p. This article investigates the syntax of the phrasefinal focus particles kuphela and qha only in zulu and xhosa nguni. In this book, barbara citko sets out to tackle these questions and offers a unified approach to a number of phenomena that have so far been studied only in isolation. Syntax of headfinal relative clauses the case of turkish. An antisymmetry based view of syntax and morphology therefore leads to the expectation that we should find asymmetries between prefixes and suffixes, both languageinternally and crosslinguistically. Kayne 1994 proposes a restrictive theory of syntax, where phrase structure determines linear order.
This explanation for the pervasiveness of heads in syntactic structure has a particularly. An antisymmetrybased view of syntax and morphology therefore leads to the expectation that we should find asymmetries between prefixes and suffixes, both languageinternally and crosslinguistically. The antisymmetry of syntax kayne 1994 takes a close look at the x. Week 6 kaynes antisymmetry of syntax merge vs move, unaccusative verbs, and split vp shells. Notes on the antisymmetry of syntax scholarlycommons. The treatment of negation in double modal constructions. Topics in the syntax of nominal structure across romance, phd thesis, city university of new york, new york. A syntactic theory thathasthisfeaturehecallsexplanatory. He suggests that syntactic theory should include an evaluation metric which ranks gs.
Johan rooryck and laurie zaring, volume 33 of studies in natural language and linguistic theory, 1098. The syntax in practice is a standard minimalist one without antisymmetry, with head with headnot phrasal movement responsible for creating the skeleton of word structure. Assignments introduction to syntax linguistics and. The study shows that while one of the antisymmetric analyses wallenberg 2009 explains some important aspects of the phenomenon, it ultimately fails under a test of its quantitative predictions for the. Journal of the atlantic provinces linguistic association. It implies, at the same time, that several widely assumed analyses should be rejected. The syntax underlying dm creates expectations about the linear orders of morphemes, namely those derivable by head movement. In download dynamic antisymmetry and the syntax of noun with university of melbourne and geotech engineering, direct energy looks said use stepdie from state government victoria to ensure, be and edit read system order of direct geothermal energy doors. Pdf week 6 kaynes antisymmetry of syntaxmerge vs move. This chapter discusses antisymmetry and returns to the question of prepositions, by addressing the question of how the syntax of postpositions is to be integrated into the aboveverb phrase vpinternal merge approach. In mathematics, a homogeneous relation r on set x is antisymmetric if there is no pair of distinct elements of x each of which is related by r to the other. Contentsseries foreword prefacexixiiiacknowledgmentschapter 1 introductionxvii31. Download the antisymmetry of syntax books download as pdf. A view of syntax and morphology without antisymmetry would not lead to such an expectation.290 1102 69 1261 167 1096 1166 1219 1484 1676 978 1142 695 1677 1130 1278 950 415 678 873 1091 1095 322 500 1252 845 23 181 1467 101 1246 1343