Seminar report on plastic roads with ppt civil engineering. Plastics the facts is an analysis of the data related to the production, demand and waste management of plastic materials. He got the opportunity to study renewable energy at algerias tlemcen university, before winning an erasmus scholarship to pursue a masters degree in energy efficiency at the university of las. Polyethylene terephthalate pet bottles, one of the waste plastic types, is used in this study. Plastic bottles of size 600 ml are filled with finely crushed construction demolition waste in three layers and tamped each layer with tamping rod by 25 blows and used. Nowadays we can use plastic in road construction purpose. The alternative way that can solve the problem is by replacing the use of bricks in building construction by plastic bottles filled with sand as we. Items such as clingfilm, sandwich bags, squeezable bottles, and plastic grocery bags are made from ldpe. Bottle bricks refer to sand filled plastic bottles that are used as units or modules for construction. This paper intends to investigate the application of plastic bottles as one of the urban wastages in buildings construction and that how it can lead to sustainable development. Plastic pollution this module1 is intended for elementary or secondary education teachers interested in teaching their classroom about plastic pollution and for anyone interested in learning about the impacts of plastic pollution on our environment and society and actions we can take to diminish this problem.
Asphalt producers buy the pellets that fit their needs for example, roads with lots of heavy. Building construction with plastic bottles are lowcost and ecofriendly. These houses are built with blocks made from waste plastic. Thus, there is increased contact with other colloids and with the soil solution. Use of recycled plastic water bottles in concrete blocks. How to turn mixed plastic waste and bottles into ecobricks 2 if they are dumped or burned. Us4234299a blow pin construction in a plastic bottle. More than 20,000 plastic bottles are needed to obtain one ton of plastic.
Reuse of these nonbiodegradable plastic bottles not only can solve the environmental problem, but it can also reduce the pollution. To build a largesized greenhouse, youll need around 1,500 pieces of 2litre plastic bottles. The plastic bottles were used to create voids at equal distance between them in the masonry units. Each mold half at its top neck carries a sealing assembly which seals against the blow pin. Plastic from water bottles, notebook liners, singleuse bags with a thickness of less than 50 microns. All recycled bottles used in buildings help to reduce the need for new materials and lower the costs. The paper intends to investigate the application of plastic bottles which is one of the urban waste in building construction and that how it can lead to sustainable. Next step is to find a place where you can get a hell load of dry sand finer,the better. What is acceptable mixed containers recycling pdf 919.
Processes for manufacturing bitumen mix road using. The packaging and plastic bottles are unlimited today. Waste plastic bottles are major cause of solid waste disposal. A plastic bottle is formed by extruding a hot plastic parison around a blow pin within a twopart mold.
India approximately produces 40 million tons of solid waste of which 12. If you have a plastic bottle, check the base of it for the resin identification code to find out what it is made of. Plastics waste can be used as a coating on aggregate and this coated stone can be used for road construction. Plastic packaging systems and their materials of construction type of posting revision bulletin, postponement posting date 28. Use of recycled plastic water bottles in concrete blocks sina safinia, amani alkalbani middle east college, kom, rusayl, muscat pc 124, oman abstract the purpose of this study is to examine the possibility of using plastic bottles in concrete block.
This kind of plastic should not come in contact with food items as it can be harmful if ingested. They used 1200 pet plastic bottles for the walls, 0 milk and wine tetra pack boxes for the roof, 140 cd cases for the doors and windows, plus 320 pet bottles for the furniture. It provides the latest business information on production and demand. Application of waste plastic materials in road construction. By using these pet bottles you get to help mother nature, while building a very long lasting structure. Waste plastic bottle as construction material iarjset. Title pet bottles as sustainable building material. This instructable tells you how to build a pavilion with these bottles. This results in an intriguing stainedglass like wall. Your first step is to collect as many discarded plastic bottles as you canthey can be of various capacities. Advantages of building construction with plastic bottles. With a combination of glass bottle panels and two liter plastic bottle walls, illac diaz and myshelter foundation built an entire structure in the philippines using bottles. Plastic bottles construction by gpcet final year civil. Seminar report on plastic road with ppt for civil engineering seminar.
Asia pacific recycled plastics market size industry. Concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world. Pdf investigating the application of plastic bottle as a sustainable. This house was built in 5 days using recycled plastic bricks. Strength properties of plastic bottle bricks and their suitability as. Abstract plastic waste is silent threat to the environment and their disposal is a serious issue for waste managers. The main concern of this project is the strength of bottle bricks.
Pdf application of plastic bottle as a wall structure for green house. The detailed comparison of characteristics with convectional bricks, mortar and cost of brick with brick bottle with plastic bottles is done. It is a very healthy plastic that tends to be both durable and flexible. In spite of all efforts made to limit its use but unfortunately its utility is increasing day by day. House construction with plastic bottles tatah lehbib was born in the auserd refugee camp, and grew up in an adobe house and a tent in the dunes. Packaging and plastic bottles are ubiquitous today. Student 1,2,3,4 department of civil engineering abstract today the construction industry is in need of plastic bottles are. Please subscribe our channel mud filled plastic bottles used to construction of this study hall for chilla organization by nss unit college of engineering trivandrum.
Pdf plastic bottle masonry as alternate solution to housing. Low cost, nonbrittle absorbs abrupt shock loads reusable less construction material easy to build. The blow pin is cooled by the air pressure and has an elongated lower tubular. But following are some advantages of using plastic bottle bricks. They comprise a large portion of the waste to form greenhouse gasses all around the world. Mechanical properties of concrete using recycled plastic. This is a building construction style which usually uses glass bottles although mason jars, glass jugs, and other glass containers may be used also as masonry units and binds them using adobe, sand, cement, stucco, clay, plaster, mortar or any other joint compound. The mold is closed and sealed and the parison is expanded by air pressure against the cooled internal wall of the mold. Design and construction of a plastic shredding machine.
Recycled plastic is being used to repave roads around the. Dhage niranjan1, phodase rushikesh2, jambhale sahil3, pawar omkar4. Pdf ecofriendly house construction using pet bottles ijsrd. Plastics the facts 2018 an analysis of european plastics production, demand and waste data. The plastic bottles are also utilized as a building block material same as bricks for small scale construction. The plastic bottles are filled with adobe and layered horizontally in courses between mortar. Plastic increases the melting point of the bitumen and makes the road retain its flexibility during winters resulting in its long life. Construction of plastic bottle walls, roofs and their benefits in buildings. Rising environmental concerns and increasing use of recycled plastics in various applications are the factors expected to fuel the growth. The engineers without borders at kansas state university have worked on a method to use plastic bottles in wall construction of concrete walls. The man who paves indias roads with old plastic world.
Plastic bottle construction use of plastic bottles in. This code is designed to help you recycle plastic bottles in the correct way. Plastic bottles are easy to build with, too, with less construction material to use. Innovative and sustainable application of pet bottle a green. And dont forget that plastic bottles take hundreds of years to disintegrate. The city of seattle prohibits recyclable plastic cups, glass and plastic bottles and jars, and aluminum and tin cans in the garbage. The different raw materials of plastic bottles include polyethylene terephthalate and highdensity polyethylene. The total waste produced is fewer the source of building material is local. The machine is designed using locally available raw materials which make it. But effects are observed on small prototype created using only 2 full compacted bottles.
Next process is to take the bottles, fill them with sand, sealed and then paste them with a mixture made of earth. Now a day society does not have any alternative to plastic products like plastic bags, plastic bottles, and plastic sheets etc. Investigating the application of plastic bottle as a sustainable material in the building construction. These plastic bottles were installed horizontally with concrete as mortar between. Ecobricks contain the plastic waste so they do not cause harm in the environment, and provide a free construction material that is highly insulating, lightweight and robust. The reason to choose the pet bottles to develop a novel method to transfer it to. Use of plastic waste in civil constructions and innovative decorative material ecofriendly. The plastic bottle provides the following advantages to the building construction.
In bogota, 700 tons of plastic is discarded daily, with only 100 tons of that recycled. Investigating the application of plastic bottle as a sustainable material in building construction raghuchandra g1 vatsalya c2 udit bhaskar dutta3 smitha gp4 1,2,3,4department of civil engineering 1,2,3,4channabasaveshwara institute of technology, gubbi572216, tumkur, karnataka, india abstractone of the main disadvantages in constructing. From the quick tutorial below youll see why this is so. Not only are you keeping construction expenses to a minimum, you are also helping save the environment. The asia pacific recycled plastics market size was estimated at usd 16.
The european plastic industry alone directly employs more than 1. Plastic products can offer both economic and environmental benefits. But thats all beginning to change, thanks to the work of architect oscar mendez. How to build your own recycled plastic bottle greenhouse. It is important to remember the connection between plastics and climate change. For example, plastic bottles and plastic bags have different properties. The paper will discuss in detail the process and its successful applications.
How to build a house using plastic bottles diy projects. Plastic bottle waste has been used as an alternative to conventional construction materials like brick, in construction of small dwelling units. House construction with plastic bottles open earth. Use of plastic waste in civil constructions and innovative. Investigating the application of plastic bottle as a. Pet is basically is a swaptik chowdhury is with civil engineering department, vellore. Construction of plastic bottle walls, roofs and their benefits in buildings is discussed. Laterite quarry waste is abundantly available and disposal of waste plastics pet, pp, etc is the biggest challenge.
The company then breaks the plastic into three different types of pellets that vary in durability and pliability. The epa estimated that five ounces of carbon dioxide are emitted for every ounce of polyethylene terephthalate produced also known as pet is the plastic most commonly used to make water bottles. Building construction with plastic bottles walls, roofs and benefits. There is a concern to more understanding and to improve its properties. Polyethylene terephthalate p et waste as building solution. The plastic shredding machine crushes used plastic bottles and helps in municipal waste management and disposal. Nigerias first house built from discarded plastic bottles is proving a tourist attraction in the northern village of yelwa, writes the bbcs sam olukoya. Plastic is usually used for wall infill and plastered on the exterior, while glass bottles can provide some structure and bring in light. Use of these abundantly available low cost materials, and the. Alfredo santa cruz and his family built this house and matching play house out of used plastic bottles, tetra packs and cd cases. Apr 2017, revised 26 may 20171 official date 01may2017 expert committee general chapterspackaging and distribution reason for revision compliance in accordance with the rules and procedures of the 20152020 council of experts, the general. Building with bottles building trust international.1140 1486 1693 757 1130 540 1341 774 976 786 1096 1495 284 1406 798 557 1669 889 300 188 1288 307 986 1114 541 1222 1137 853 1291 249 616 777